13Now I am speaking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I glorify my ministry 14in order to make my own people jealous, and thus save some of them. 15For if their rejection is the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead! 16If the part of the dough offered as first fruits is holy, then the whole batch is holy; and if the root is holy, then the branches also are holy.
17But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, a wild olive shoot, were grafted in their place to share the rich root of the olive tree, 18do not boast over the branches. If you do boast, remember that it is not you that support the root, but the root that supports you. 19You will say, "Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in." 20That is true. They were broken off because of their unbelief, but you stand only through faith. So do not become proud, but stand in awe. 21For if God did not spare the natural branches, perhaps he will not spare you. 22Note then the kindness and the severity of God: severity toward those who have fallen, but God's kindness toward you, provided you continue in his kindness; otherwise you also will be cut off. 23And even those of Israel, if they do not persist in unbelief, will be grafted in, for God has the power to graft them in again. 24For if you have been cut from what is by nature a wild olive tree and grafted, contrary to nature, into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these natural branches be grafted back into their own olive tree.
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There's a chart in this study Bible that helpfully lays out "The Pattern of God's Saving Plan for All People: Jews and Gentiles in Romans 11":
v. 11: because of their (the Jews) transgression --> salvation has come to the Gentiles
--> to make Israel envious
v. 12: their (the Jews) transgression --> riches for the world
their loss --> riches for the Gentiles
their full inclusion --> greater riches
v. 15: their (the Jews) rejection --> reconciliation to the world
their acceptance --> life from the dead
vv. 17-23: some of the branches have been broken off -->you (Gentiles), though a wild olive shoot, have been grafted in --> God is able to graft them in again
vv. 25-26: Israel has experienced a hardening in part --> until the full number of the Gentiles has come in --> and in this way all Israel will be saved
vv. 30-31: as a result of their (the Jews) disobedience --> you who were at one time disobedient to God have now received mercy, and as a result of God' mercy to you --> they too may now receive mercy
I know we are getting a little head of ourselves but this laying out of the whole pattern of Paul's thought about Jews and Gentiles and their relationship with one another w/r/t God's salvation is helpful.
Take a look once again. If you have any questions, please share your thoughts with "reply all."
Let's pray: Lord Jesus, give us a clearer understanding of your ways, including the place of the Jewish people in your salvific plan. In your name, amen.